Metastatic Thyroid Cancer
Most types of thyroid cancers will involve malignant growths on various portions of the thyroid gland, whether it's in the follicular cells or in the C-cells. When thyroid cancer fits this more common scenario, treatment is quick and easy. at least as quick and easy as things can be when a person has cancer. Yet, there are thyroid cancer situations in which the tumors have spread to other areas of the body. When thyroid cancer has done this it is known as metastatic thyroid cancer.
Metastatic thyroid cancer can happen with all types of thyroid cancers. If it happens with the most common papillary form of thyroid cancer, it will invade the lymph nodes and other tissues surrounding the thyroid gland. Follicular thyroid cancer can spread into the bones and lungs along with anaplastic thyroid cancer. Yet, of these various thyroid cancers, it will be anaplastic thyroid cancer that is the most metastatic. This is because with this cancer the tumors multiply so quickly they can't be killed through conventional treatment methods. To make matters even worse, anaplastic thyroid cancer tumors tend to be more fibrous and much harder than the tumors associated with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. So, when anaplastic cancer becomes a metastatic thyroid cancer, it will cause even worse problems for the organs it affects.
Treatment options for metastatic thyroid cancer can be successful depending on how minor it is. While it metastasizing is certainly not an occurrence a person wants, if it is limited to just a few areas around the thyroid gland, a person can still have a relatively high survival rate. However, they do have a greater chance of recurrence, though some thyroid cancers still won't be as deadly even if they recur. Follicular thyroid cancer is an example.
In terms of what is specifically done for treating metastatic thyroid cancer, the options range from chemotherapy to radiation therapy to radioactive iodine therapy. Surgery may also be an option if the metastatic thyroid cancer contains small tumors that haven't spread that far. But usually, this is not the case when thyroid cancer has metastasized. So, doctors will opt for therapies that can metastatic thyroid cancer cells that have become widespread.
What can be done to prevent metastatic thyroid cancer? Well, the best way is to try to avoid getting any type of thyroid cancer in the first place. Granted, scientists haven't pinned down the exact cause of why people get thyroid cancer, but it is known that those who are exposed to radiation are more prone to get it. So, individuals trying to prevent metastatic thyroid cancer need to take caution when considering radioactive treatments and/or living next to power plants.
On the other hand, if a person already has regular thyroid cancer, they can try to prevent the metastatic form by getting treated. But before a person gets to this point, they must know that they do indeed have thyroid cancer. The best way to do this is to go to the doctor if any unusual lumps have developed in the neck or lymph node area.
Thyroid Cancer Treatments
Treatments for thyroid cancer are good, if you notice the symptoms early and seek treatments from a doctor you have a 95% chance of living which is the best survival rate for any cancer. Your doctor will decide which treatment they think is best however this may include surgical intervention, Radioiodine therapy and chemotherapy.
Do I Have Thyroid Cancer?
If you think you have thyroid cancer then you should look out for the following symptoms, if you have any of these symptoms you should seek medical advice. Thyroid cancer doesn’t change you physical appearance however you may develop bumps in your neck, have difficulty breathing and physiological problems are also common.